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Table 2 The returns to a baccalaureate degree for minorities in China treatment effect parameter estimates

From: Does affirmative action in Chinese college admissions lead to mismatch? Educational quality and the relative returns to a baccalaureate degree for minorities in China

  ATE (OLS) ATE (Heckit) ATE (Heckit|Minority) ATET (Heckit|Minority) ATENT (Heckit|Minority)
Treatment effect:
 Outcome: Log of annual earnings      
 Control group: high school graduates      
Treatment:
 Graduated from college .426 (.026)a .322 (.145)b .394 (.188)b .362 (.246) .405 (.172)b
 Minority −.044 (.062) −.067 (.059) −.094 (.084) −.094 (.084) −.094 (.084)
λ   .052 (.085) .033 (.226) .033 (.226) .033 (.226)
 Numberof observations: 3779 3779 3779 3779 3779
 Graduated from college: (Rank = very good) .452 (.073)a .713 (.298)b .827 (.283)b .104 (.513) .857 (.288)b
 Minority −.038 (.079) −.071 (.090) .394 (.430) .394 (.430) .394 (.430)
λ   −.155 (.145) −.149 (.263) −.149 (.263) −.149 (.263)
 Number of observations: 2930 2930 2930 2930 2930
 Graduated from college: (Rank = Good) .452 (.038)a .456 (.169)b .533 (.183)b .695 (.313)b .514 (.174)b
 Minority −.042 (.074) −.082 (.076) −.100 (.077) −.100 (.077) −.100 (.077)
λ   .004 (.088) .111 (.237) .111 (.237) .111 (.237)
 Number of observations: 3136 3136 3136 3136 3136
  1. Standard errors in parentheses
  2. aSignificant at the .01 level
  3. bSignificant at the .05 level